The first active gangs in Western civilization were reported
by Pike (1873, pp. 276–277), a widely respected chronicler
of British crime. He documented the existence of gangs of
highway robbers in England during the 17th century, and
he speculates that similar gangs might well have existed
in our mother country much earlier, perhaps as early as
the 14th or even the 12th century. But it does not appear
that these gangs had the features of modern-day, serious
street gangs. More structured gangs did not appear
until the early 1600s, when London was “terrorized by a series of organized gangs calling themselves the Mims, Hectors, Bugles, Dead Boys ... who found amusement in breaking windows, [and] demolishing taverns, [and they] also fought pitched battles among themselves dressed with colored ribbons to distinguish the different factions” (Pearson, 1983, p. 188).
The history of street gangs in the United States begins with their emergence on the East Coast around 1783, as the American Revolution ended (Sante, 1991). But there is considerable justification for questioning the seriousness of these early gangs. The best available evidence suggests that the more serious street gangs likely did not emerge until the early part of the nineteenth century (Sante, 1991).
LEADER OF THE CRIPS
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This article is about the Crips co-founder. For other people, see Stanley Williams (disambiguation).
Stanley Tookie Williams III
Williams' 2000 California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation photo
Born Stanley Williams III
December 29, 1953
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States
Died December 13, 2005 (aged 51)
San Quentin State Prison, San Quentin, California, United States
Cause of death Execution by lethal injection
Criminal status Executed
Spouse(s) Bonnie Williams-Taylor (m. 1981)
Criminal charge First degree murder with special circumstance
Penalty Death penalty
Stanley Tookie Williams III (December 29, 1953 – December 13, 2005) was one of the original founders and leaders of the Crips gang in Los Angeles, California. In 1971, Williams and Raymond Washington formed an alliance establishing the Crips as the first major African-American street gang in South Central Los Angeles. Williams became the de facto leader and the prominent crime boss in South Central in the 1970s. In 1979, Williams was convicted for the murder of four people during two robberies, and was sentenced to death. The highly publicized trial of Williams and extensive appeals for clemency sparked debate on the status of the death penalty in California.
On December 13, 2005, Williams was executed by lethal injection after extensive appeals for clemency and a four-week stay of execution were both rejected by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Tookie was born on December 29, 1953, in New Orleans. His father abandoned the family when Williams was just a year old, and in 1959, Williams moved with his mother, Louisiana Williams, to Los Angeles, California, and settled in the city's South Central region.
As Williams' mother worked several jobs to support them, Williams was a latchkey kid and often engaged in mischief on the streets. He recalled that, as a child, he would hang out in abandoned houses and vacant lots around his neighborhood in South Central where he would watch adults get drunk, abuse drugs, gamble and engage in dog fights. Williams stated that after the adults finished the dog fighting they would make the children fight each other, including himself. Williams began to participate in these street fights regularly as a child, where adults would bet on him and give him part of the proceeds for winning his fights. Williams was often the target of older bullies and street thugs in his neighborhood and, by the age of twelve, began carrying a switchblade in order to protect himself. By the time Williams was a teenager he had gained a reputation in South Central's West Side as a vicious street fighter. Williams was expelled from George Washington Preparatory High School and was blackballed by several other high schools in the South Central area for fighting, and eventually began doing stints in Central Juvenile Hall.
In the late 1960s, juvenile crime increased in South Central as older gangs disbanded to join the Black Power Movement, most notably as part of the Black Panther Party, initially to protect black people from police brutality and corruption in the Los Angeles Police Department. Increasingly violent youth gangs formed in their place, which Williams initially despised as predatory, but because of his viciousness and willingness to fight older youths Williams earned the respect of many gangsters on the West Side. These gangs were mostly small-time neighborhood cliques that operated independently from each other, and leadership was not chosen but determined naturally. At age fifteen, Williams was invited into a small West Side clique after he befriended a local teenager, Donald "Doc/Sweetback" Archie. Williams soon earned the clique's respect after beating up one of their members for insulting his mother, and Williams became the unofficial leader of this clique as his violent reputation began to spread across South Central.
In 1969, at age sixteen, Williams was arrested in Inglewood for car theft and was sent to the Los Padrinos Juvenile Hall in Downey. While doing time at the detention center, Williams was introduced to Olympic weightlifting by the facility's gym coach, and this experience would spark an interest in bodybuilding. By his release from custody in early 1971, aged seventeen, Williams was physically bigger and stronger. According to Williams, upon his release from custody the review board asked him what he planned to do after being released, to which he replied "being the leader of the biggest gang in the world."
Shortly after his release, Williams was approached by Raymond Washington at Washington Preparatory High School after hearing of Williams through a mutual friend of both young men. The friend had informed Washington of Williams' toughness and his willingness to fight members of larger, more established street gangs such as the L.A. Brims and the Chain Gang. According to Williams' account of the meeting, what struck him about Washington was that, besides being incredibly muscular, he and his cohort were dressed similar to Williams and his clique, wearing leather jackets with starched Levi's jeans and suspenders. Washington was from South Central's East Side, where he was a prominent gangster similar to Williams, and proposed they use their influence in their respective regions to form the larger Crips street gang. The purpose for creating the gang initially was to eliminate all street gangs and create a "bull force" neighborhood watch in South Central. Williams said: "We started out—at least my intent was to, in a sense, address all of the so-called neighboring gangs in the area and to put, in a sense—I thought 'I can cleanse the neighborhood of all these, you know, marauding gangs.' But I was totally wrong. And eventually, we morphed into the monster we were addressing." Williams himself has stated that he founded the Crips not with the intention of eliminating other gangs, but to create a force powerful enough to protect local black people from racism, corruption and brutality at the hands of the police. At the time of the Crips' initial formation there were only three Crip sets: Washington's East Side Crips (later called East Coast Crips), Williams' West Side Crips, and the Compton Crips, led by a teenager named Mac Thomas. Williams formed the West Side Crips using his own influence, having befriended so many clique leaders and street thugs on the West Side. Washington, Williams and Thomas went on an aggressive and violent recruitment campaign throughout the black ghettos of Los Angeles, where they challenged the leaders of other gangs to one-on-one street fights. This process resulted in most gangs agreeing to join the Crips, and they were converted from small independent cliques into subgroups (sets) of a gang within the larger gang. The Crips quickly became the biggest street gang in South Central by both numbers and territory, however, numerous gangs still resisted losing their independence. These hold-out gangs formed a similar alliance to combat the Crips' influence, branding themselves as the Bloods, and would become their fiercest rivals. Williams' former rivals, the L.A. Brims and the Chain Gang, joined the Blood alliance and became The Brims and The Inglewood Family Bloods, respectively.
As leader of the West Side Crips, Williams became the archetype of the new wave of Los Angeles gang members that would engage in random acts of violence against rival gang members and innocent people alike. Williams and his best friend, Curtis "Buddha" Morrow, would noticeably participate in these activities, striking fear into both street criminals and the residents of South Central, Watts, Inglewood, and Compton. Williams violent acts became legendary in southern Los Angeles' criminal underworld as on numerous occasions criminal charges brought against him ended in disarray, and prosecutors were unable to convict him due to lack of evidence.
Soon after the foundation of the Crips, other leaders were either murdered or incarcerated, and Williams was regarded as the de facto leader. In 1974, Raymond Washington was arrested for 2nd degree robbery and served five years in prison in Tracy, and soon after was murdered. On February 23, 1973, Curtis "Buddha" Morrow was shot to death in South Central following a petty argument. Mac Thomas was murdered under mysterious circumstances in the mid-1970s. Williams began to live an ironic double life, where he worked in a legal job as an anti-gang youth counselor in Compton while also serving as the overboss for one of the largest gangs in Los Angeles. Williams would work as a counselor and study Sociology at Compton College during working hours, then spend his free time participating in numerous violent attacks against the Bloods.
In 1976, Williams was wounded in a drive-by shooting while sitting on the porch of his house in Compton. The shooting was committed by members of the Bloods, who shot at Williams from their car as he was letting his dog out for a walk in the evening. Attempting to avoid getting hit, Williams dove to the ground from the porch, but was shot in both of his legs. Williams was told by doctors that he would never walk again, but after a nearly year-long process of physical rehabilitation and an intense workout regimen, he ultimately regained his ability to walk. After the shooting, Williams re-developed a substance abuse problem when he began smoking PCP. Williams had begun dabbling in street drugs around the age of twelve, and as a preteen befriended a neighborhood pimp who, in return for performing errands for him, would reward Williams with money and drugs, particularly Quaaludes, barbiturates (then known as "Red Devils") or marijuana. Williams' personal life began to unravel: his maternal grandmother, with whom he was very close, died in 1976. He lost his counseling job in 1977 after being implicated in a robbery that was committed by two youths from a group home that Williams supervised. He was denied an opportunity to compete in an amateur bodybuilding contest after it was discovered that he was a gang leader (Williams would later appear on the 1970s variety show The Gong Show performing a posedown routine). Eventually his gangster lifestyle was beginning to take a mental toll on him, which included a brief stay in the psychiatric ward of a hospital after Williams experienced a bad trip while high on PCP. With each of these setbacks Williams increasingly found himself using PCP, and supported his drug habit by intimidating and robbing drug dealers in South Central.
In 1981, Williams was convicted of four counts of murder committed in two of three separate incidents. Williams always maintained his innocence, though subsequent court reviews concluded that there was no compelling reason to grant a retrial.
The prosecution stated that Williams met with a man identified in court documents only as "Darryl" late on Tuesday evening, February 28, 1979. Williams introduced Darryl to friends of his, Alfred "Blackie" Coward and to Bernard "Whitie" Trudeau, and a short time after the initial meeting, Darryl, driving a brown station wagon and accompanied by Williams and Coward drove to the home of James Garret. Williams frequently stayed and kept some possessions at Garret's home, including a 12-gauge shotgun, and after about 10 minutes inside, Williams returned with the shotgun. Williams, Darryl and Coward then went to the home of Tony Sims in Pomona, where they discussed possible locations to obtain money through robbery. Afterwards, they went to another residence where Williams left the others and returned with a .22-caliber pistol, and placed it in the station wagon. Darryl and Williams entered the station wagon, Coward and Sims entered another vehicle, and then embarked on the freeway. Both vehicles exited the freeway at California State Route 72 (Whittier Boulevard). The first incident occurred at a nearby Stop-N-Go supermarket, where Darryl and Sims, at the request of Williams, entered the store with the apparent intention of robbing it. Darryl was carrying the .22 pistol that Williams had deposited in the station wagon earlier, and also had a rifle in the trunk of the car, along with two semi-automatic handguns. The clerk at the Stop-N-Go market, Johnny Garcia, had just finished mopping the floor when he observed a station wagon and the four men at the door to the market. Two of the men entered the market and one of the men went down an aisle, while the other approached Garcia asking for a cigarette. Garcia gave the man a cigarette and lit it for him. After approximately three to four minutes, the men left the market without carrying out the planned robbery.
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Latin King Leader Spills His Guts | Prison Writers
Dec 12, 2020 · How Latin Kings operate is simple: in the beginning you’re reeled in with the beauty that comes with the unification between you and your own kind, then that’s reinforced
Urban Dictionary: latin kings
Jan 10, 2005 · The largest Latino gang in Chicago, and perhaps in the United States, are the Latin King and Queen Nation. Latin Kings have chapters all across the US. The colors associated
The Bloods: Prison Gang Profile
This profile of the the Bloods provides an overview of the gang's history size, location, ethnic makeup, factions, territories, and interaction with law enforcement over the years. The Bloods
LEADER OF THE BLOODS
O. G. Mack
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Omar Portee, a.k.a. O. G. Mack (born c. 1969), was born in New York and was involved in founding the United Blood Nation (UBN).
In 1987, Portee claimed to have witnessed Don Taylor shoot and kill Terrance Joyner on a Bronx, New York, street in the early hours of August 16, 1987. Based on Portee's eyewitness testimony, Taylor was convicted on April 25, 1989 and sentenced to 22½ years to life. At the time of his original testimony, Portee was facing multiple charges in New York stemming from his arrest on August 31, 1987. Portee faced substantial prison time, 16⅔ to 50 years, if convicted. Instead, as part of a cooperation agreement, which included his testimony against Don Taylor in People v Taylor, Portee was allowed to plead to two to six years for all charged crimes (two 1st-degree robbery convictions), received credit for 21 months' time served and was promised a favorable letter to the parole board. He started serving his sentence on June 9, 1989. He was released on June 20, 1990. Portee later recanted his prior testimony, and Taylor's conviction was vacated in 2004, whereupon Taylor was released from prison after having served over 10 years.
Portee and fellow inmate Leonard "Dead Eye" McKenzie established the United Blood Nation while incarcerated in 1993, which was responsible for spreading gang violence from Los Angeles to New York City. Portee was released from jail in 1999 and returned to the streets to build the Bloods into a powerful street gang.
Branches were created in different areas of the city, such as 1-8 Trey (The Bronx), 9 Trey Gangsters (citywide), Valentine Gang (The Bronx), Sex Money Murder (The Bronx), Grenade Gang (The Bronx), and G-Shine (Brooklyn). He was convicted of ten counts of criminal activity, including racketeering, murder, conspiracy, credit card fraud, and drug trafficking, on August 27, 2002. He was sentenced to 50 years and is currently incarcerated in ADX Florence, Colorado.
^ Find an inmate: OMAR PORTEE − Register Number: 30063-037; Age: 48 (October 31, 2017); Release Date: 02/04/2045. Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 31 October 2017
^ "State Police Lead Team of 500 Officers to Decapitate Most Violent Set of Bloods Street Gang". New Jersey State Police. Retrieved 2006-08-26.
^ Kinnear, Karen L.: Gangs: A Reference Handbook, p. 164 . ABC-CLIO, 2009. ISBN 1598841254
^ Jump up to: a b "FOUNDER AND LEADER OF VIOLENT PRISON GANG, THE 'UNITED BLOOD NATION', SENTENCED TO 50 YEARS' IMPRISONMENT BY U.S. COURT" (PDF). United States Attorney Southern District of New York. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
^ "Inmate Locator". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
LIVES WITH FOREVER WITH KINGS
History of the Latin Kings
2647 words (11 pages) Essay
11th Jul 2018 Cultural Studies Reference this
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The History of the Latin Kings begins in the 1920s or 1930s, but at this time they were known under a different name. In the beginning of the 20th century a lot of Puerto Rican immigrants came to New York. A lot of groups were formed, such as “Noble Knights” (who have ties to today’s Latin Kings) or “Young Lords”. The group still has connections to these gangs. The founder of the original Latin Kings is called “Papa King” or “Papa Santos”. He started the gang in the 1950s in Chicago. Although he is an important person in the history of Latin Kings you don’t know much about him or his life. Even his birthday is unknown. He himself was a “Young Lord”. Due to oral stories the LK were formed on the Southside of Chicago on the corner of 18th and Wabash. During the 60s they became more and more successful and expended to the north. They grew faster and were the best organized gang these days.
The Latin Kings worked with social workers, because they received government benefits from meeting them. That’s why they acted more and more bad to get more and more benefits, such as money, fun activities, etc. Today this system doesn’t exist anymore, of course.
Some gangs thought the LK were part of the “Royal Kings”, who had arguments with the so called “Ambrose”. As a consequence the Latin Kings and Ambrose became enemies.
In the 1970 the LKs were often connected with major crimes and organized criminal activities. 1977/78 they were suspected for robbing an armory. The FBI arrested one member, who acknowledged that they had stolen military weapons. It was rumored that they sold them to different allied gangs. In the 1980s the LK convinced also white gangs to join the so called “people alliance”, formed with “Vice Lords” and “Elrukns”.
In 1888 “Papa King” was killed. His followers were “Lord Gino” (of whom you say that he ordered Papa Kind’s death) as the leader of the LKN in prison and “Baby king” as leader on the streets.
Size and Ethnic Origin
Since the 1990s they’re also spread in New York City and nowadays you can find them nearly everywhere in the US. The Latin Kings and Queens Nation is primary spread in Illinois, Texas, and Florida and of course in New York and Chicago. Although they have many allies they are still the third largest gang in Chicago and people say that it is the biggest and most influential Latino gang in the world. Experts guess that there are about 50.00 to 80.000 members world wide, but you’ll never find out the exact number. They often have Puerto Rican background, but during the last 20 years when they broadened to Europe, there became more and more people with also Hispanic, Portuguese or Italian background members. As in many gangs there are more male members than female.
Structure and Organization
Both, men and women, are allowed to become a member at the Latin Kings and Queens Nation has, as the name already says. They have a strict hierarchy and rules. It has always been important that the members have social responsibilities. Depending on their age they should have or search for a job or go to school. Education in general is quite important to the Nation. That’s why there are so called “schoolings”. Knowledge workers are people whose jobs focus on working with information and for whom a certain theoretical and analytical knowledge is important. Knowledge “is not tied to any country – it is portable” and represents might, a typical LK ambition.
They should also be interested in their ethnic background and family history and free or hard drugs to be able to mainly concentrate on their duties in the nation and not to drag down the other members. There are three stages of social responsibilities a member goes threw when he decides to be a Latin King:
Primitive Stage: the King warrior acts very impulsive. Most of his time he does gang banging (engaging gang activities) or getting high.
The Conservative or “Mummy” Stage: The member doesn’t want to be on the streets and gets tired of being seen as big and bad. He gets married and retires.
The New King Stage: The member sees himself as a “new King”, which means that he starts to recognize that the time of revolution is in his hand. When he becomes a new King the will of the Nation becomes his will. Everything starts to have a meaning to him and he only lives for the nation.
They are well structured and known for their hierarchy. The leadership consists for example out of:
Supreme Crown Authorities
Executive Crown Authorities and
Local Presidents in their respective prisons and communities. They are responsible for a particular area.
Furthermore there are “officers” or leaders, the so called Incas that are each supported by a Crown Council of seven members. The gang’s head is the so called “Corona” which means “Crown”. He is able to decide nearly everything, but is, of course, also responsible for every activity outside prison. At that time Gino Gustavo Colon is the leader of the Latin Kings.
Because of their strict hierarchy they need, as mentioned before, strict rules. There are ones for every part of their live. They are written in their “bible”, which is called the “King’s Manifesto”. For example they have rules how to communicate with other gang members.. A few official rules are:
“A brother never crosses his left over his right arm, he never covers his right hand, because it represents his crown. No member should take the law into his own hand, he isn’t allowed to exploit any person inside or outside the nation, when a member gives another member a salute it always has to be returned.”
That rules are often highly ritualistic.
Due to that the Latin Kings are very religious. They believe in Kingism, which includes their whole system. But they also believe in Yahweh, god, “the almighty father, King of all Kings”. He is also called the El of the Universe. A non religious LK you’ll find very rarely. The Nation says that also their name is an acronym and shows their devotion to Yahweh. “Almighty” stands for:
“A love measured in great harmony toward Yahweh”
In their Manifesto there are not only rules and regulations, but also prayers. There are 2 prayers in the beginning; one is called the holy prayer. They believe that Yahweh is the founder of the universe, of the Manifesto and the Kingism. This belief should give them faith in themselves. The Latin Kings say that there’s a heaven and a soul that will meet Yahweh after death. In fact it has a great similarity to the Christian and Jewish believe.
What Kingism exactly is does only a member of the Latin Kings and Queens Nation know. They have certain Kings, but if they are holy, imaginary persons or real historic figures, isn’t clear.
When a member does not stick to that rules he gets punished by his colleagues. Besides physical punishment it includes social exclusion and group harming. Their application varies in intensity and frequency whether it’s a Chicago or New Yorker Leader. They have a few different rules and their execution also depends on the leader. A non-physical punishment can be prohibition, which varies between 2 weeks and 2 month. Others can be fines, being isolated and so on and so forth. But, as everything in their lives, they also have strict rules for physical punishments. There are:
“three-minute physicals”, as the name already explains – three members punish for three minutes
“five-point violations”, which means that there are 5 members of the leadership that punish the victim (they stand for the 5 points of the crown) or even
T.O.S. It stands for Terminate on Sight and is a death penalty.
The reasons for this last brutal action are treason, challenging a leadership or sadly just homosexuality.
Symbols and Rituals
As every gang they have specific colors you find on all their logos and tattoos. In this case they are black and yellow. The dark color represents death and stands in opposite to the light one, which represents life. They aren’t only included in their symbols, but also on their cloth.
Their emblem is always five pointed, e.g. a star, a crown (sometimes worn by a lion) or anything else that shows this number. Their most recent emblem is the bulldog with a crown. You can say that the number “five” is “holy” to them, because they often use it in their philosophy.
The LKs are known for their drawings and graffiti paintings. They use symbols such as A.L.K.Q.N (Almighty Latin King & Queen Nation), A.L.K.Q.C.N (Charter Nation), A.D.R (Amor Deu Rei – Love the Kings), guns, Coat of arms, money or cars. They sign places with graffiti where a gang member has fallen. On the graffiti the deceased person’s ID-Number is shown, his/her name and the date of the death. If another gang is responsible for his/her death an upside down symbol of this gang is painted with the words “Lollypop” as a putdown for that gang.
A very important thing for them is to learn to control their tongue. They believe that speaking of the control of the tongue is addressing the whole body. That’s what they want to learn. For that reason it’s not easy for the police to uncover their criminal activities – they are faithful to their colleagues. Newspapers talk about special rituals to train themselves.
The LK’s are known for not just using but also selling weapons. High ranking members often wear bullet proof vests, because of their enemies. Every member owns a weapon and they do not always carry them with them when they are on post. It’s very hard to get information from them, because they are that faithful to their group. However, their primary source of income is dealing with drugs, such as cocaine, heroin and marijuana.
The internet is full of stories about Latin Kings and their criminal activities including burglary, homicide, identity theft and money laundering. Reportedly also the police are corrupted. In 2011 two policemen had arrested drug dealers for fake, took their drugs and gave their proceeds to the Latin Kings. Statistics of the Chicago Police say that they find about 150 kilograms cocaine and 1000 kilogram marijuana a year in the Latin Kings’ region.
Their Rival Gangs are the Latin Locos, Folk Nation gangs and the Solidos.
Originally there were no female members allowed. Nowadays women get an equal share. They constituted, in addition to the male Kings, a few Queens. They join the gang for self-respect, independence, family support, ethnic identity and self-empowerment. Still they fill in female stereotypical roles and stay at home, mainly running the household, while the male members are fighting on the streets or dealing with drugs. They have a home life of protection.
Reason for Becoming a Gang Member
As I’ve mentioned before a lot of women became members to feel safer. But still the Latin Kings and Queens Nation has more male members. They have a lot of influence in the world and the black market. That would be the main reason why people become members. In New York or Chicago they are common and young people are attracted by their philosophy and might. They often come from broken families and want to find a new one.
Besides this it’s you’ll have no choice weather you want to be a LK or not when your parents already join them. On the other hand these kids grew up with the ideology of Kingism. They do not know anything else. That’s why the Latin Kings grow that fast.
Due to this life in poverty seems to be a lot easier when you can relate on your gang and know that they’ll support you even in prison. And of course you always have access to drugs and weapons, what favors young people the most.
When I started searching for information about the “Almighty Latin Kings and Queens Nation” I thought they where just one out of thousand Latin American gangs. But when I researched more I found their philosophy really fascinating. Kingism is not a religion I would personally agree with but I found it strange that so many people follow that few leaders and that there is such a strict hierarchy although everybody’s talking about freedom. I wasn’t surprised about their criminal activities and the stories about street wars or corrupt policemen do not really shock me. I expected that.
Another think that was interesting is that although the LKs are so popular and even have their “leaders” in prison it is very hard to find out information about them. I had to concentrate on facts, but most of the sources are influenced by the gang itself, which forced me to read even more about them to stay subjective.
A Latin King’s Poem
“NOT A DAY GOES BY THAT WE DON’T REPRESENT
THROWING UP THE CROWN WITH ALL OUR LOVE
SHOUTING “AMOR DE REY” TILL’ WE DIE
TO THE ALMIGHTY FATHER UP ABOVE
BUSTING OUT IN OUR HOOD’S
KEEPING THE LOVE ALIVE
NEVER LETTING FLAKES DISRESPECT OUR EMBLEMS
THAT WE MADE WITH SO MUCH PRIDE
BUT AS ALL OF THIS IS HAPPENING
WE ARE GETTING STRONGER AND STRONGER
EACH DAY WATCHING SHORTIES JOIN
AND OLDER BOYS RETIRE THEIR FLAG
BUT AS ONE KING DROP HIS FLAG
THERE IS A SHORTY TO PICK IT UP
AS THE OLDER BOYS PASS THAT FLAG
FROM AN OLD HAND TO A NEW ONE
HE WILL GIVE HIM SOME WISE ADVISE
“KEEP THIS FLAG IN YOUR HEART AND NEVER LET IT DIE”
“RESPECT AND HONOR THIS CROWN FOR IT I ONCE DID”
“DIE FOR THIS CROWN AS OTHER KINGS /QUEENS DID”
“EVER TAKE A BRO OR SIS NAME THAT DIED WITH RESPECT
NOT UNLESS YOU’RE WILLING TO DIE LIKE HE / SHE DID
LIKE A TRUE KING / QUEEN DIES IN THE BATTLE FIELD”
REMEMBER THOSE WHO DIED,
GO TO THEIR GRAVE AND SHED NO TEARS
BRING THEM SOME BIG ASS FLOWERS,
TELL THEM THAT THEY DIDN’T DIED IN VAIN!!!!
DEDICATED TO THOSE WHO DIED AND THOSE WHO PASSED
THE CROWN FROM AND TO HAND AND THOSE WHO STILL
KEEP THE LOVE ALIVE…”
The original group of Decepticons started in Brooklyn, New York with 3 boys from 2 different schools. Two of the boys, who went by the names of Cyclonis, and Rumble went to Bushwick High School, and the other, called Megatron, went to Brooklyn Technical High School.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Decepticons were a Brooklyn street gang active from the late 1980s into the early 1990s. Originating as a bond of “brotherhood”, the gang soon escalated into one of the most feared gangs of their time with their flash mob style attacks and muggings. Although their reign was for a limited time, they managed to terrorize the streets of New York enough to leave their mark on them, even relevant to today's society.
2 Impact on society
The Decepticons were a street gang or street organization that thrived from the late 80s through the early 90s. Their members were teenagers and young adults ranging from the age of 15 to early 20s. The gang was most prominent in Brooklyn, but at their peak the group consisted of multiple branches, or legions, all across New York City. In an interview with former Decepticon “General Steele” it’s mentioned that there were legions of Decepticons in Clinton Hills, Flatbush, East Flatbush, and Bed Stuy Brooklyn, Harlem, Manhattan and parts of Queens. Steele references in his interview how the Decepticons were all over the place in patches due to the groups upbringing. The legions would initially begin as a formation of a bond of bullied kids who needed strength in numbers. The original group of Decepticons started in Brooklyn, New York with 3 boys from 2 different schools. Two of the boys, who went by the names of Cyclonis, and Rumble went to Bushwick High School, and the other, called Megatron, went to Brooklyn Technical High School. They formed their bond in order to make sure no one would harm them. As those founding fathers found more people with common mindsets in the two schools they went to, their numbers grew and soon after their small group morphed into a feared gang.
Impact on society
Their presence began to fade in the early 1990s yet the Decepticons indeed left their mark on New York City, and even on culture today. A few members went on to notable rap careers such as Sticky Fingaz, Fredro Starr, Rock and Sean Price. Sticky Fingaz was in the rap group Onyx and Fredo Starr was a protégés to Jam Master Jay. Sean Price and Rock frequently collaborated on albums such as Price's Monkey Barz and Smiff-N-Wessun’s Smiff-N-Wessun: Reloaded. Rock even had his songs put into video games: "I Am Rock" for Need for Speed: Most Wanted and NFL Street 2, and "This Is Me" for Blitz The League II. Although, while a member of the Decepticons, Rock found himself arrested for assault and an attempted murder charge for allegedly shooting a rival pimp, while he worked as one. Hip-hop artist Jay-Z has made reference to The Decepticons and LoLifes in song. In B.K Anthem Jay says “Wasn’t safe on the A-Train/ in G or the F/Decepticons, LoLife niggas/Snatch the polos off your chest.” 
The Original Decepticons, or Decepts, were Megatron, from Brooklyn Technical High School, as well as Rumble and Cyclonis, from Bushwick. However, from there, the group quickly expanded and multiplied. Lacking a formal structure, groups would often spring up and claim that they were Decepts. Latin groups of Decepts formed in the Bronx and Queens, therefore expanding the territory that Decepticons occupied. In Brooklyn, local offshoot groups of Decepticons would often sprout up.  There were even female counterpart to the Decepticons called the Deceptinettes, whom were said to be equally as mischievous as the men. They had brutal initiation rituals for new members. Contrary to popular belief the Deceptinettes were already a group of friends even before meeting the Decepticons. There was never a time in the history of the Decepticons, that a Deceptinette had to sleep her way into the gang- membership was earned through loyalty and violence.
As a whole, the Decepticons had no primary goal. They were poor kids living in impoverished neighborhoods who came together in order to try and make the tough situation in which they were dealt easier for one another. Acts of violence would most frequently come in the form of robberies. The gang would converge on the subways and from there hangout on the corners of streets by neighboring schools. If a physically weak looking target approached them, the gang would surround them and swiftly mug them. Another common spot for their robberies were on the subways themselves. Being a very small, crowded, noisy setting, the Decepticons would rush into the room, robbing people of whatever they can and then rushing out like a gust of wind. The Deceptinettes would play games such as “One Punch Knockout” for fun. In this game they would assault a random, unsuspecting person to see if they could knock them out with one punch- a pastime thought to have been played by both the girls and the boys.
LIST OF GANGS
List of gangs in the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Five Points, Manhattan is a location that was associated with gang activities from the early 19th century.
In the late 1920s, Al Capone was the leader of the Chicago Outfit
The Hells Angels outlaw motorcycle club was founded in 1948 and is considered a criminal gang by American law enforcement agencies, particularly for their involvement in drug-related activities and violent crimes.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation website in 2014 stated that there were some 33,000 gangs in the United States which they classified as street gangs, motorcycle gangs or prison gangs. While some gangs are multi-ethnic, many criminal enterprises are organized along racial lines and restrict membership to individuals of particular ethnicities or races.
Notable criminal gangs include:
1 By ethnic origin
1.3 Caucasian and white supremacist
1.4 East Asian
1.5 Eastern European
1.10 North American
1.11 Pacific Islander
1.12 Southeast Asian
1.13 West Asian
2 Outlaw motorcycle clubs
4 See also
By ethnic origin
Almighty Black P. Stone Nation
Almighty Vice Lord Nation
Four Corner Hustlers
Black Guerrilla Family
Black Mafia Family
Black P. Stones
Bounty Hunter Bloods
Nine Trey Gangsters
Sex Money Murda
United Blood Nation
Columbia Point Dawgs
East Nashville Crips
Grape Street Watts Crips
Rollin' 30s Harlem Crips
Rollin 60's Neighborhood Crips
Venice Shoreline Crips
OutLaw Gangster Disciples
Hidden Valley Kings
Lucerne Street Doggz
Orchard Park Trailblazers
Young Boys Inc.
Caucasian and white supremacist
American Front (white supremacist)
Aryan Nations (white supremacist)
Aryan Republican Army (white supremacist)
Combat 18 (white supremacist)
Dead Man Incorporated
Friends Stand United
Hammerskins (white supremacist)
Imperial Klans of America (white supremacist)
Keystone State Skinheads (white nationalist)
Ku Klux Klan (white supremacist)
The Order (white supremacist)
211 Crew (white supremacist)
Aryan Brotherhood (white supremacist)
Aryan Brotherhood of Texas (white supremacist)
Aryan Circle (white supremacist)
European Kindred (white supremacist)
Nazi Lowriders (white supremacist)
Public Enemy No.1 (white supremacist)
Simon City Royals
State Line Mob
Volksfront (European nationalist)
White Aryan Resistance (white supremacist)
Chung Ching Yee, Chinese
Fullerton Boys, Korean
Bing Kong Tong
Hip Sing Association
Hop Sing Tong
On Leong Chinese Merchants Association
Suey Sing Association
14K Triad, Chinese
Bamboo Union, Taiwanese
Big Circle Gang, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Cambodian
Black Dragons, Chinese and Vietnamese
Flying Dragons, Chinese and Vietnamese
Four Seas Gang, Taiwanese
Ghost Shadows, Chinese and Vietnamese
Jackson Street Boys, Cantonese
Ping On, Chinese
Sun Yee On, Chinese
Wah Ching, Chinese
Wo Hop To, Hong Kong
Wo Shing Wo, Hong Kong
Wah Kee, Chinese and Malaysian
Philadelphia Greek Mob
Velentzas crime family
18th Street gang
Dominicans Don't Play
Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos
Jalisco New Generation Cartel
La Familia Michoacana
La Raza Nation
Maniac Latin Disciples
MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha)
Puro Tango Blast
Spanish Gangster Disciples
38th Street gang
Culver City Boys 13
El Monte Flores 13
Logan Heights Gang
Santa Monica 13
Toonerville Rifa 13
Varrio Nuevo Estrada
Westside Locos 13
North Side Gang
White Hand Gang
Winter Hill Gang
10th and Oregon Crew
Bonanno crime family
Colombo crime family
Gambino crime family
Ozone Park Boys
Genovese crime family
116th Street Crew
Greenwich Village Crew
Lucchese crime family
Lucchese crime family New Jersey faction
The Tanglewood Boys
The Vario Crew
Bufalino crime family
Buffalo crime family
Cleveland crime family
Dallas crime family
DeCavalcante crime family
Denver crime family
East Harlem Purple Gang
Genna crime family
Houston crime family
Kansas City crime family
Los Angeles crime family
Magaddino crime family
Milwaukee crime family
Morello crime family
New Orleans crime family
Patriarca crime family
Philadelphia crime family
Pittsburgh crime family
Rochester crime family
San Francisco crime family
San Jose crime family
Seattle crime family
St. Louis crime family
Trafficante crime family
National Crime Syndicate
Sacra Corona Unita
South Brooklyn Boys
The Bugs and Meyer Mob
Cohen crime family
New York divorce coercion gang
The Purple Gang
Yiddish Black Hand
The Chickens and the Bulls
Freight Train Riders of America
Green Street Counts
Sons of Samoa
Tongan Crip Gang
Asian Boyz, Southeast Asian (mostly Cambodian)
Bahala Na Gang, Filipino
Born to Kill, Vietnamese
Menace of Destruction, Hmong
Tiny Rascal Gang, Southeast Asian (mostly Cambodian)
Abergil crime family
Outlaw motorcycle clubs
Market Street Commandos
Pissed Off Bastards of Bloomington
Sons of Satan
Sons of Silence
Membership in this group may overlap other groups above.
Almighty Vice Lord Nation
Aryan Brotherhood of Texas
Black Guerrilla Family
Dead Man Incorporated
Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos
New Mexican Mafia
Public Enemy No. 1
Puro Tango Blast
Tiny Rascal Gang
United Blood Nation
flag United States portal
List of criminal gangs in Los Angeles
List of California street gangs
List of Crips subsets
Gangs in the United States
Crime in the United States
Asbury, Herbert (2008-07-01). The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. Vintage Books. ISBN 9780307388988. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
Capeci, Jerry (2005-01-04). The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia. Alpha Books. pp. 84–. ISBN 9781592573059. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
Holmes, Ronald M.; Tewksbury, Richard; Higgins, George (2011-12-02). Introduction to Gangs in America. CRC Press. pp. 91–. ISBN 9781439869475. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
"Gangs". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
"The Gangs of St. Andrews". 12 September 2012.